Sushi Frequently Asked Questions
What is Aburage? Fried tofu pouches
What is Aemono? Vegetables or meats mixed with a sauce
What is Agari? Green tea
What is Agemono? Deep-fried foods.
What is Aji? Spanish Mackerel or Horse Mackerel
What is Aji-no-moto? Monosodium Glutamate (MSG)
What is Aji-no-tataki? Fresh Spanish Mackerel
What is Aka miso? Red soy bean paste
What is Akagai? Red clam or ark shell
What is Akami? Lean tuna from the back of the fish
What is Ama-ebi? Sweet shrimp usually served raw
What is An? Sweetened mixture of cooked red beans
What is Ana-kyu-maki? Conger eel and cucumber rolls
What is Anago? Conger eel (saltwater)
What is Ankimo? Monkfish liver
What is Anko-nabe? Monkfish stew
What is Aoyagi? Yellow round clam
What is Asari? Short-necked clam
What is Awabi? Abalone
What is Ayu? Sweetfish
What is Azuki? In East Asian cuisine, the azuki bean is commonly eaten sweetened.
What is Baigai? Small water snails
What are Bamboo shoots? New baby bamboo
What is Bara sushi? Sushi rice and ingredients mixed together, as a rice salad
What is Basashi? Horse sashimi
What is Battera-zushi? Osaka-style oshi-zushi topped with shime-saba
What is Beni shoga? Red pickled ginger
What is Biiru? Beer
What is Bonito? English word for the Japanese katsuo
What is Bulgogi? Korean style marinated beef dish
What is Buri? Adult Yellowtail
What is Buta? Pork
What is Daikon? Large long white radish
What is Chakin-zushi? Sushi rice wrapped in a thin egg crepe
What is Chikuwa? Browned fish cake with a hole through it
What is Chirashi-zushi? A bed of sushi rice with other ingredients mixed on top
What is Chutoro? Medium fatty tuna, from the upper belly
What is Chutoro-maki? Marbled-tuna roll
What is Chuutoro? Semi-fatty tuna
What is Cloud ears? alternate name for kikurage
What is Dashi? Basic soup and cooking stock made with kombu and katsuoboshi
What is Dashimaki? See Tamago
What is Doburoku? A thick, soupy sake
What is Donburi? A large bowl for noodle and rice dishes
What is Ebi? Boiled shrimp
What is Edamame? Soybeans served in the pod as an appetizer
What is Edomae-zushi? See Nigiri-zushi
What is Engawa? Halibut fin muscle; meat surrounding the scallop muscle
What is Fugu? Blowfish. (Poisonous if not properly prepared)
What is Fugu-chiri? Cooked, sliced raw fugu meat in a stew pan also know as Blowfish soup
What is Fuki? A fibrous vegetable often simmered in broth
What is Fukusa sushi? a type of sushi which is wrapped in a crepe
What is funamori? Boat wrap or Kakomi sushi
What is Futo-maki? A fat roll filled with rice, sweetened cooked egg, pickled gourd, and vegetables
What is Gari? Pickled ginger
What is Geoduck? Mirugai
What is Geso? Squid legs
What is Geta? Wooden block used as a plate
What is Gobo? Long pieces of burdock root
What is Gohan? Plain boiled rice
What is Goma? Sesame seeds
What is Gomoku sushi? See Chirashi-sushi
What is Gunkan? See maki-mono
What is Gunkan maki? Battleship roll, an alternate name for kakomi sushi
What is Gyoza? Stuffed wonton, pan-fried or steamed
What is Gyu tataki? Beef tataki
What is Hamachi? Young Yellowtail
What is Hamachi-kama? Yellowtail collars, usually served broiled
What is Hamaguri? Clam
What is Hamo? Pike conger; sea eel. usually cooked
What is Harusame? Thin, transparent bean gelatin noodles
What is Hashi? Chopsticks
What is Hatahata? Sandfish
What is Hijiki? Black seaweed in tiny threads
What is Hikari-mono? Fish sliced for serving with the silver fish skin left on
What is Himo? “fringe” around an ark shell
What is Hirame? Halibut Flounder
What is Hocho? Japanese for knives
What is Hokkigai? Surf clam
What is Horenso no ohitashi? A spinach dish
What is Hotatagai? Scallops
What is Ika? Squid
What is Ika-geso? Squid tentacles
What is Ikura? Salmon roe
What is Inada? Very young Yellowtail
What is Inari-zushi? Sushi rice and vegetables wrapped in a bag of fried tofu
What is Ishikari-nabe? Salmon stew with sake
What is Iso-don? Bed of sushi rice with other ingredients sprinkled on top
What is Itamae? Sushi or Japanese chef
What is Iwana? Char
What is Iwashi? Sardines
What is Ji-? Prefix: locally made or caught
What is Kaibashira? eye of scallop or shellfish valve muscles
What is Kaiware? Daikon-radish sprouts
What is Kaiware-maki? Daikon-sprout roll
What is Kajiki? Swordfish
What is Kakomi sushi? Nigiri sushi wrapped to hold in less solid ingredients
What is Kamaboko? A fish cake made from pounded whitefish mixed with cornstarch, formed into a sausage shape and cooked
What is Kampyo? Dried gourd prepared in long, translucent brown strips
What is Kani? Crab meat
What is Kani-kamaboko? Imitation crab meat
What is Kanimiso? Green contents of a crab’s head
What is Kanpachi? Very young Yellowtail
What is Kanpyo? Dried gourd strips
What is Kanpyo-maki? Pickled gourd rolls
What is Kappa? Cucumber, used in a sushi roll
What is Kappa-maki? Cucumber-filled maki-zushi
What is Kareh katsu? Curry sauce poured over deep-fried pork cutlet
What is Karei? Flounder or Flatfish
What is Katsu? A cutlet. katsu refers to fried foods made coated with bread crumbs
What is Katsudon? Deep-fried pork cutlet served with sauce over rice
What is Katsuo? Bonito fish related to the Skipjack
What is Katsuo-boshi? Dried bonito fish
What is Kazunoko? Herring roe
What is Kikurage? Dried fungus
What is Kim chee? Spicy marinated cabbage
What is Kimachi? Small fish from the Yellowtail family
What is Kinome? Leaves of the Japanese prickly ash (sanshoo)
What is Kobashira? Small scallops
What is Kohada? Gizzard shad
What is Koi? Saltwater carp
What is Kombu? Kelp, possibly dried; a kind of seaweed, in sheet form
What is Konnyaku? Gelatinous, rubbery oblong cake made from the snake palm plant
What is Koyadofu? Freeze-dried tofu
What is Kuro goma? Black sesame seeds
What is Kurodai? Snapper fish
What is Kuruma-ebi? Prawn
What is Langostino? Small shellfish with a strong shrimp flavor
What is Madai? Red Seabream
What is Maguro? Tuna see also akami, tekka, toro
What is Maguro-temaki? Tuna temaki
What is Makajiki? Blue marlin
What is Maki-mono? Sushi rice and fish or other items rolled in nori seaweed
What is Maki-zushi? Sushi rolls (same as maki-mono or maki sushi)
What is Makisu? Mat made of bamboo strips for making roll sushi
What is Manju? A sweet made from flour, rice powder and buckwheat and a filling of an red bean paste made from boiled azuki beans and sugar
What is Masu? Trout see nijimasu or rainbow trout
What is Matsutake? Very rare pine mushroom
What is Meji (maguro)? Young tuna
What is Mekajiki? Blue marlin or Swordfish
What is Meshimono? Rice mixed with meat or vegetables
What is Mirin? Sweet rice wine for cooking
What is Mirugai? Long-neck clam
mWhat is Miso? Soy bean paste
What is Mitzutaki? Cooked in liquid usually, mizutaki includes tofu and vegetables cooked in water
What is Mochi? Sweet glutinous rice cakes
What is Mochigome? Mochi rice
What is Mochiko? Sweet glutinous rice flour
What is Momen tofu? “Cottony” bean curd
What is Moyashi? Bean sprouts
What is Murasaki? Sushi bar term for soy sauce
What is Mushimono? Steamed foods
What is Nabemono? One-pot meals
What is Nama-? Prefix: (food) raw; (beer) draught
What is Nama-tako? Fresh or raw octopus.
What is Namida? Wasabi. namida means “tears” in Japanese.
What is Nasu? Eggplant
What is Natto? Fermented soy bean
What is Natto-maki? Sticky, strong-tasting fermented-soybean rolls
What is Negi? A thin Japanese onion
What is Negitoro? Chopped and mixed negi-onion and toro
What is Negitoro-maki? Scallion-and-tuna roll
What is Neta? Fish topping in Nigiri sushi
What is Ni-ika? Squid simmered in a soy-flavored stock
What is Nigiri-zushi? Pieces of fish, shellfish, or fish roe over sushi rice balls
What is Nihon shu? Sake, rice wine
What is Niika? Cooked Monterey squid
What is Nijimasu? Rainbow trout, usually cooked.
What is Nimono? Simmered or boiled foods.
What is Nori? Purple layered seaweed pressed into thin sheets, used mostly as a garnish or to make norimake sushi
What is Nori-maki? Same as kanpyo-maki
What is Nori-tama? Sweetened egg wrapped in dried seaweed
What is Norimake? A roll with nori seaweed on the outside
What is Ocha? Tea
What is Odori-ebi? Dancing shrimp, ama ebi served living
What is Ohba? Japanese beefsteak plant
What is Ohitsu? A special bowl to keep rice warm
What is Okonomi-zushi? Home-style Nigiri sushi
What is Omakase Allowing the sushi chef to order for you
What is Onigiri? Balls made with steamed rice and various ingredients wrapped in nori
What is Oshi-zushi? Osaka-style sushi: squares of pressed rice topped with sushi rice and cooked fish
What is Oshibori? Rolled up hot towel served to sushi bar customers
What is Oshinko? Pickled vegetables, usually cucumber
What is Oshinko-maki? Pickled-daikon radish rolls
What is Oshiwaku? A wooden box with top
What is Otoro? Fattest tuna, from the lower belly
What is Otoro-maki? Fatty-tuna roll
What is Pan-joon? A very light scallion Korean pancake with spicy dipping sauce
What is Ponzu? Sauce made with Japanese citron
What is Rainbow roll? Alternate name for Tazuna sushi
What is Ramen? Thin noodles used in fast-prepare packets
What is Renkon? Lotus roots
What is Robata-yaki? Fresh ingrediants cooked over a wood fire
What is Saba? Mackerel
What is Sakamushi? Steamed over sake
What is Sake? Rice wine drink. also smoked salmon, different accents
What is Sanma? Japanese Mackeral
What is Sansho? Japanese pepper, made from the leaf of the prickly ash
What is Sarada-maki? Salad rolls
What is Sashimi? Raw fish served chilled, sliced, and arranged without rice
What is Sato-imo? Taro root
What is Sawagani? Small crab served grilled and whole
What is Sawara? Spanish mackerel
What is Sayori? Springtime half-beak
What is Sazae? Conch
What is Seigo? Young Sea Bass
What is Senbei? Thin, crisp rice crackers flavored with soy sauce or other seasonings
What is Shabu-shabu Food blanched at the table and served with sauce
What is Shako? Mantis shrimp
What is Shamoji? Plastic or wooden flat spoon or spatula to serve rice
What is Shari? A sushi bar term for sushi rice
What is Shichimi togarashi? Mixed hot spices for table use. flavors: red pepper (togarashi), ground sansho pepper pods, dried mandarin orange peel, black hemp seeds or white poppy seeds, nori seaweed bits, and white sesame seeds
What is Shiitake? A type of Japanese mushroom
What is Shima-aji? A variety of Aji
What is Shime-saba? Marinated Mackerel
What is Shira-uo? Whitebait, Icefish or Salangid
What is Shirako? Sperm sacs of the cod fish
What is Shiratake? Translucent rubbery noodles
What is Shiro goma? White sesame seeds
What is Shiro maguro? Albacore tuna
What is Shiro miso? White soy bean paste
What is Shiromi? Seasonal “white meat” fish served as sushi/sashimi which are relatively white in color
What is Shiromi no sakana? Sushi or Sashimi fish white in color
What is Shirumono? Japanese term for soup
What is Shiso? Japanese or Asian mint, red or green usually used as a wrapper
What is Shochu? 25-40% spirit made from potatoes or rice
What is Shoga? Ginger root
What is Shoyu? Japanese soy sauce
What is Shu-mei? Typical of Chinese dim sum
What is Shusse-uo? The name of ascending fish which changes according to its size see inada, hamachi and buri
What is Soba? Buckwheat noodles
What is Soba-zushi? Sushi made with soba rather than rice
What is Somen? White, threadlike wheat noodles
What is Soy sauce? Salty sauce made from fermented soybeans
What is Spicy mayonnaise? A common condiment with some kinds of sushi rolls
What is Su? Rice vinegar
What is Sudare? Floor or window-sized bamboo mat
What is Suimono? Clear soup
What is Sukimi? Pieces of fish scraped from the bones used in rolls
What is Sumitomo? A cucumber salad
What is Sunomono? Vinegared foods, as distinguished from aemono or oshinko
What is Suribachi? A bowl with corrugations on the inside, used with a surikogi to grind nuts, spices, and other foods
What is Surikogi? A wooden pestle shaped like a big cucumber
What is Sushi? Anything made with sushi rice
What is Sushimeshi? Rice for preparing sushi
What is Suzuki? Striped sea bass or Rockfish
What is Sweet bean paste? Red azuki beans boiled with sugar
What is Tai? Sea bream, Porgy, Snapper
What is Tairagai? Razor-shell clam
What is Takenoko? Bamboo shoots
What is Tako? Octopus
What is Takuwan? Pickled daikon
What is Tamago? Sweet egg custard wrapped in dried seaweed
What is Tamago yaki? Fried egg
What is Tare? A thick sauce, usually soy-based and slightly sweetened
What is Tataki? Grilled on the surface, then chopped or pounded
What is Tazuna sushi? A maki roll with diagonal strips of food across the top, often called a rainbow roll
What is Tekka? Tuna, especially in a roll
What is Tekka-don? Pieces of raw tuna over rice.
What is Tekka-maki? Tuna-filled maki-zushi
What is Tekkappa-maki? Selection of tuna and cucumber rolls
What is Temaki? Hand rolls, usually cone-shaped and may contain maguro, sake, sukimi, o-shinko, natto, negi-toro, and ume-shiso
What is Temaki-zushi? Hand rolled cones of sushi rice and/or vegetables wrapped in seaweed
What is Tempura? Seafood or vegetables dipped in batter and deep fried tempura
What is Teriyaki? Broiled foods marinated in a sweet soy sauce
What is Teriyaki ?sauce Sweetened soy sauce
What is Tobiko? flying fish roe
What is Tofu? Soybean curd
What is Togarashi? Whole dried hot red peppers
What is Tonkatsu? Pork cutlet which is breaded, then fried
What is Tori? Chicken
What is Torigai? Cockle clam
What is Toro? Fatty tuna, distinguishable as otoro-fattest, and chutoro-fatty
What is Toshi-koshi? Japanese custom of eating soba at the end of the year
What is Tsubugai? Japanese “tsubugai” shellfish
What is Tsukemono? Pickles
What is Udon? Thick, wide wheat noodles
What is Ume-shiso? Plum paste and shiso leaf mixture most commonly served in maki form, rather sweet
What is Umeboshi? Small, bitter, pickled Japanese plum
What is Umejiso-maki? Japanese ume plum and perilla-leaf roll
What is Una-ju? Grilled eel, served on rice
What is Unagi? Freshwater eel
What is Unagi maki? Eel roll
What is Unagi no kimo? Eel innards
What is Uni? Sea urchin roe
What is Usukuchi shoyu? Light Japanese soy sauce
What is Wakame? Lobe-leaf seaweed, possibly dried, in long, dark green strands
What is Wasabi? Green, very hot Japanese horseradish
What are Wood ears? See kikurage
What is Yaki? Grilled, toasted
What is Yakidofu? Broiled or grilled soy bean curd
What is Yakimono? Broiled foods
What is Yakinori? Toasted seaweed
What is Yakitori? Skewer-grilled foods
What is Yakumi? strongly flavored seasonings such as shichimi togarashi, grated daikon and fine chopped negi. Used instead of wasabi in such nigiri as katsuo, iwashi, aji and sanma
What is Yamakaki? Grated mountain potato with chunks of maguro
What is Yosenabe? Japanese equivalent of bouillaibaise a fish, seafood, and vegetable soup or stew
What is Yunomi? Japanese green tea cup with a handle
What is Yum Yum Sauce? A sushi dipping sauce like spicy mayo



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